The artist is Yuon
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Lenin) (April 22, 1870, Simbirsk-January 21, 1924, Horki estate, Moscow province)-Russian and Soviet political and statesman, revolutionary, creator of the Russian Social Democratic Party (Bolsheviks) (B. )), one of the organizers and leaders of the October Revolution of 1917 in Russia, the chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars (Government) of the RSFSR (Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic), the creator of the first in world history of the socialist state. Marxist, publicist, founder of Marxism-Leninism, ideologist and creator of the third (communist) international, founder of the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics).
On the afternoon of October 25, in the assembly hall of Smolny, chaired by L. D. Trotsky opened an emergency meeting of the Petrograd Council of Workers and Soldiers’ Deputies. It listened to Trotsky’s report on the overthrow of the Provisional Government. With a report on the tasks of Soviet power, he made. AND. Lenin, who uttered the famous phrase: “Comrades! The working and peasant revolution, the need for which the Bolsheviks spoke all the time, took place “. The picture was written by Juon by order of the Commission of the Council of People’s Commissars and was exhibited in January 1928 at the exhibition of art works for the ten -year anniversary of the October Revolution. Seeking the veracity of the image, the artist reacted with great attention to the reconstruction of the historical situation and the genuine appearance of the participants in those events. So, Lenin in the picture appears without a beard and mustache, who had just removed the wig and freed from makeup. Behind him in the presidium depicts those present at a meeting in. A. Antonov-Ovseenko, l. B. Kamenev, c. P. Milyutin, n. AND. Podvoisky, l. D. Trotsky, g. AND. Lomov (Oppoks), and. AND. Rykov, l. M. Karakhan and others. Almost all of them died later during the years of Stalin’s repressions. The fate of the heroes of the canvas influenced his fate in the 1930s. (A. L.)
The picture was written after the death of Lenin (1924) and is dedicated to the topic of his popularity in a revolutionary environment.
Electronic catalog “Heroes and villains of Russian history”. SPb, 2010. WITH. 365.